How to determine blood sugar in men: the norm and deviations
The rate of sugar in the blood in men is an important indicator to determine the presence of diabetes and abnormalities in the functioning of the endocrine system. What blood sugar level for men can be considered the norm, and what tests should be performed in order to determine the rates of glucose?
The normal sugar content should not be above or below permissible limits. The rate in men may be different, but are generally in the same range. Acceptable sugar levels in different categories of patients was established and enshrined in official medicine. To establish how much sugar is in the blood of a specific patient, it is possible, after due consideration.
Analysis in men typically assigned by doctors for liver diseases and abnormalities in the activity of the thyroid gland, and also in the case of the following anxiety symptoms:
- Excessive weakness.
- The nagging feeling of thirst.
- Frequent urge to urinate.
These symptoms may indicate that the level of glucose in the blood of men is much higher than normal. Thus, this analysis helps to diagnose diabetes in the early stages of its development, and assign the appropriate surgical treatment. For patients suffering from this disease, analysis of the sugar content is a necessary diagnostic procedure that is carried out every two to three months. In this case, the analysis is carried out to monitor the therapeutic process and treatment outcome, it also allows you to determine how well the blood sugar level of the patient exceeds the allowable rate.
Types of research and training
Blood can be taken from a vein or from a finger of the patient. The feasibility of the type of research determined by the treating physician on an individual basis. Knowing what is the normal sugar content, analysis can be done independently, at home, using for this purpose a special device called "meter".
As evidenced by the excess of numbers
Glucose levels above normal in men under the age of sixty years (over five and a half moles per liter) indicates hyperglycemia, which can be a symptom of the following deviations:
- The renal pathology.
- Diseases of the liver.
- Myocardial infarction.
- The presence of tumor masses.
- Pathological disturbances of the pancreas.
- Abnormalities hormonal in nature, accompanied by insufficient production ofinsulin.
When levels of sugar in excess of normal, the patient is usually assigned additional research on the basis of which the exact diagnosis is. In most cases, a significant excess of the norms indicates the development of diabetes. Define hyperglycemia by the following characteristic symptoms:
- The increase in body weight.
- Severe itching.
- The constant feeling of thirst.
- Excessive dryness of the skin and mucous membranes.
- The presence in the body processes of an inflammatory nature.
- The retardation of the psycho-emotional reactions.
- Deviations in functioning of the visual apparatus, even blindness.
Low blood sugar level for men experts called glycemia-which is stated in the case, if the glucose levels below normal and are less than three and a half millimoles per liter. Blood glucose is also rather dangerous deviation, accompanied by insufficient supply of glucose to the brain. There are the following deviations:
- Prolonged headaches.
- Frequent dizziness.
- Heart palpitations.
Reasons blood glucose there may be alcohol abuse, excessive exercise, inadequate nutrition, prolonged fasting, prolonged and uncontrolled intake of antihistamine medicines, an overdose of hypoglycemic drugs.
Insufficient blood sugar in men may indicate the following conditions:
- Deviations in functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Cirrhosis of the liver.
- Diseases of endocrine nature.
- Addison's Disease.
- Deviations in functioning of the thyroid gland.
Blood sugar is an important diagnostic procedure necessary for timely diagnosis of diabetes and endocrine disorders. Men aged over forty years old, experts recommend to regularly pass these tests. Possessing information about normal blood sugar for men (as is the norm), to conduct research even at home, using for this purpose the device is a glucometer.