Analysis of the causes and treatment of heavy sweating in men
Excessive sweating is a problem for many men, as it causes physical and psychological discomfort. For understanding of tactics of the further actions it is necessary to know the cause of this symptom. In this regard, it is important to consider all etiological factors and treatment of symptoms.
Sweating is a permanent natural physiological process in the body of men and women. Thus, the body protects itself from overheating and maintain normal body temperature. In medical terminology profuse sweating is known as hyperhidrosis. There are two options for sweating in men:
- primary — cause unknown;
- secondary reasons due to any disease.
In addition to the above, we distinguish local and generalized severe sweating. The first is characterized by excessive sweating of certain body areas of men. For example, severe sweating of palms, feet, scalp or underarms. And the second option sweats profusely all over the body.
What causes it
Profuse sweating can be caused by various conditions. Excessive sweating in men can be observed both in the daytime and at night during sleep. Most often the symptom occurs at night. All the causes can be divided into two groups: physiological and pathological. Let us consider each of them.
Physiological hyperhidrosis occurs when warmer air temperatures, low humidity in the environment, psycho-emotional and physical overload. Can also occur by drinking large amounts of fluid. It follows that the emergence of hyperhidrosis of the night, during sleep can not be due to physiological causes. That is, if men may experience increased sweating at night and day time, it may indicate the following abnormal condition.
- Infectious diseases.
In this case, excessive perspiration is a result of the increase in body temperature in response to exposure to an infectious agent. The most common infectious causes of sweating are malaria, mononucleosis, influenza, HIV, tuberculosis, and others. Often hidden form of tuberculosis that is characterized by sweating that occurs at night during sleep.
- Diseases of the endocrine system.
Of endocrine pathology symptom is often observed in hyperthyroidism. This is because thyroid hormones responsible for metabolism, and the increase of their content in the blood leads to the acceleration of the exchangesubstances, including increased body temperature. It can also be a symptom of a tumor of chromaffin tissue of pheochromocytoma.
- Cancer (leukemias and lymphomas).
- Increased nervous excitability, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis.
- Renal pathology.
In terms of renal dysfunction, the body does not have time to filter the plasma and form urine. The consequence of this is fluid retention and excretion of the excess through the pores of the skin.
- Sleep disorders, apnea syndrome during sleep.
- Autoimmune diseases.
- Alcohol abuse and addiction.
- Genetic diseases.
- Congenital hyperplasia of the sweat glands or abnormalities of their development.
These causes can cause both generalized and local severe sweating men, including the head, feet or hands. It should be noted that children have localized sweating of the head may indicate the presence of rickets.
Treatment of hyperhidrosis during daytime and night is impossible without clarifying the reasons. Also important is the observance of principles of proper nutrition. The main thing — to limit the use of sharp dishes, spices, garlic, alcohol, coffee, chocolate and strong tea.
The main methods of therapy include:
- Physiotherapy (electrophoresis).
- The use of antiperspirants.
- Drug and herbal medicine.
The use of drugs caused a specific disease. With increased nervous excitability used sedatives, tranquilizers, tinctures of motherwort and Valerian. Psychotherapy will allow you to overcome your own fears and to get rid of emotional stress. To reduce sweating during sleep, you can try to create favorable conditions (optimal temperature and humidity), eat before bed, try to ignore the stress and relax.
Separately it is necessary to remind about antiperspirants. They have only a local effect, i.e. in case of generalized hyperhidrosis, or in such localizations as hyperhidrosis of the head, their use is limited. Their mechanism of action is due to effects on the excretory ducts of the sweat glands. The result is a narrowing or blockage.
One of the modern methods of treatment of hyperhidrosis are Botox injections that block the nerve endings responsible for the innervation of the sweat glands. Duration — up to six months. Also possible surgical treatment — sympathectomy.
Compliance with all the recommendations allows to get rid of sweating. As a result, disappears of physical and psychological discomfort.
Excessive sweatingmay be the first symptom of serious diseases. Therefore, the appearance of this symptom should be treated with caution, especially if it occurs at night and during sleep. And timely elucidation of the causes of excessive sweating will make the treatment more effective.