Get rid enlarged prostate effective ways
One of the important indicators of the research the prostate gland is the size. Prostate volume change with age, but normally it should not exceed 26 cm3.
The enlarged prostate makes the man's life unbearable and painful, but before looking for how to get rid of an enlarged prostate, and what you need to do should be to determine the cause of gingival hyperplasia.
As already mentioned above, the size of the body can change throughout life. If young people his normal size 19 cm3, after 45 years the size of body reaches 25 cm3. Age is the norm, but the reason for the hyperplasia can be pathologic States.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, and occurs most often in adulthood. At risk are men from 45 years and older. The main feature of cancer of organ is the fact that the tumor develops slowly and in the initial stages almost imperceptible. Therefore, it is important at the first signs or warning signs in time to be screened. The sooner the treatment of prostate cancer, the more chances of a favorable outcome of the disease.
The biggest problem is that the first manifestations of the disease begin to disturb a man when the disease has gone too far. Since the advent of microscopic tumor to the appearance of metastases and growth of glands takes several years. Frequent urination, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, obstructed flow of urine – all of these symptoms are so similar to the symptoms of the adenoma, without special diagnostic tests to differentiate them is very difficult.
But these symptoms may not always appear, the main difference cancer from adenomas that malignancy is growing out, and it is not always constricts the urethra and causes problems with urination. Only with time join pain, hematuria and cachexia. Differential diagnosis make only a specialist.
Cancer treatment can be surgery, medication or radiation. A method that allows to get rid of an enlarged prostate, selects only the doctor, based on test results, patient age and stage of the disease. Of great importance in the choice of therapy is the presence or absence of metastases.
All methods can be applied both separately and comprehensively:
- Removal of enlarged prostate is performed most often at the time when the tumor does not give metastases. A successful operation will give hope for full recovery without relapse and freedom from an enlarged prostate. In some cases, surgeons areto carry out surgical treatment to alleviate the condition of the patient.
- Treatment enlarged prostate radiation therapy does not guarantee that ailments can be completely removed. But this method can significantly reduce tumor growth and to minimize the likelihood of metastasis.
- To medical therapies include hormonal therapy, which by blocking the production of testosterone making the tumor smaller. Medicines do not guarantee a complete cure, but suspend the further growth of glands and reduce the symptomatic manifestations.
- Brachytherapy considered an alternative to radiation. In the process of influence into the fabric of injected radioactive pellets of iodine. This allows you to directly irradiate the tumor without affecting the surrounding healthy tissue.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
This pathology is also called adenoma. In the prostate formed nodules, which under the influence of certain factors strenuously to grow, and this causes enlargement of the prostate. According to statistics, most often, this pathology affects men older than 45 years, but sometimes it occurs at a younger age. Years of research and observation of an enlarged prostate was not possible to identify the exact factors that affect the processes of growth, but helped to identify areas of risk.
Many experts believe that the active growth of the prostate is a symptom of the so-called male menopause. Due to the fall in the level of androgen hormones in the blood and age-related effects of losing control of the body over the regulation of growth and functioning of the prostate cells.
Manifestations of benign growths of the prostate occur on the rise. First, for the full act of urination men have to strain your abdominal muscles, then the jet of urine becomes thin and discontinuous, and the act of urination is delayed.
Later stages of an enlarged prostate are characterized by frequent painful urination and incontinence, there is a painful ejaculation. And if nothing is done, the pressure of an enlarged prostate lead to acute urinary retention, hematuria, infectious inflammatory processes of urogenital and pyuria.
Before you begin to get rid of an enlarged prostate, the doctor will perform a differential diagnosis and exclude malignancy. In addition to the medical history, the doctor will prescribe rectal examination, transrectal ultrasonography of the prostate, will direct the analysis of the level of PSA in the blood based on these studies, prescribe appropriate treatment. Benign hyperplasia may act in the following ways:
This method bringssignificant effect only in the early stages of the disease. The basis of drug getting rid of enlarged prostate are medications, relaxing the smooth muscles of the prostate and bladder neck, as well as medicinal substances that block the production of testosterone. The use of these drugs facilitates the flow of urine from the bladder and reduces the size of the body.
It is prescribed in later stages of the disease when the first signs of the formation of residual urine. It is based on excision of an enlarged prostate, or its complete removal. The operation can be performed in two ways. In the first case the access goes through the wall of the bladder, and in the second case, you are using laparoscopic access.
Widespread recently acquired a holmium laser enucleation. From the urinary tract is the removal of the overgrown tissue of the prostate. An alternative to these methods of disposal is considered embolization of the artery of the prostate.
If to get rid of an enlarged prostate, the prognosis is favorable. Otherwise develop the disease of the urogenital system may occur with acute renal failure. A particular danger is the degeneration of benign tumors into malignant.
Active enlarged prostate can provotsyrovtsa and such disorders as inflammation of the prostate. The cause consider that the penetration through the urinary path in the prostate gland of pathogens of various infectious diseases. And trigger inflammatory process can:
- Bad habits;
- Stagnation in the pelvic organs;
- Unprotected intercourse.
The inflammatory process in the tissues of the body may manifest itself in acute and chronic form. Acute inflammation differs from chronic more pronounced symptoms at the same time, chronic prostatitis is characterized by the ability to occur in a hidden form and change the state of remission in acute. The main symptoms of prostatitis are:
- Disorders of urination (pain, burning sensation, cramps etc.);
- Painful urination;
- Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder;
- Sexual dysfunction;
- The increase in body temperature in acute prostatitis, and acute and chronic;
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
Treatment of acute and chronic prostatitis should be comprehensive and include various therapeutic measures. In the first place helps to get rid of ailmentsthe antibiotic therapy. In addition, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics. The man, in turn, will need to pay close attention to the way of life and correct it, minimizing the occurrence of precipitating factors. Treatment of chronic prostatitis longer and will require physiotherapy.
As You can see, the enlargement of the prostate is only one of the symptoms of many diseases. Its successful treatment depends on the correct diagnosis, and this can only be done by a competent specialist. Do not try to rid themselves of disease – it can only hurt.