What is the prognosis for the life of the patient has prostate cancer the third degree?
Prostate cancer is 3 degrees more widespread among older males. The number of prostate cancer cases is increasing annually, and is second only to the prevalence of lung cancer. The disease is characterized by slowly progressive course and few pronounced symptoms, therefore more likely to be diagnosed late stage cancer.
A few decades ago such a diagnosis had a fairly poor prognosis. Radiation medicine, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy significantly improve the prognosis of this disease. Life expectancy increases, even if the patient has stage three cancer. Is also important giving up Smoking and alcohol consumption.
Most frequently affects the prostate adenocarcinoma. Patients with such tumors can live their whole lives and defeat prostate becomes accidental discovery. Also adenocarcinoma respond well to treatment and has a favorable prognosis.
The life expectancy of the patient depends on:
- the patient's age,
- the level of prostate specific antigen,
- the General condition of the body,
- adequate duration of therapy,
- the degree of tumor differentiation, and stage of the disease.
The treatment of the disease
Prostate cancer is treated with the use of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, surgical or medical castration. It is important to be well fed, symptomatic treatment (analgesic, Antianemic therapy). An integral part of treatment is to help the therapist that helps the patient cope with stress and also improves the prognosis of the disease.
- Surgical treatment
In the event of the defeat of the prostate grade 3 surgical strategy radical. The surgery is performed under General anesthesia. The third stage of cancer involves the complete removal of the prostate and resection of adjacent organs. This produces an incision in the lower third of the anterior abdominal wall.
Surgery possibly through perineal access. Also perform orchiectomy. The duration of the operation from 2 to 5 hours depending on the volume of the affected tissues.
- Radiation treatment
After surgery are shown the courses of radiation therapy. Use of remote radiation therapy in which radiation is incident from a short distance from the skin of the patient. You can use various types of radio waves – x-rays, beta, gamma radiation. Prostate cancer amenable to radiation at any level of the process.
Another type of radiation treatment is brachytherapy. The method consists in that a radiation source capsule located in the parenchymaof the prostate gland. With this method largely exposed to cancer cells than healthy tissue.
The third and terminal stage of cancer involves the use of himiopreparatov. They allow you to stop tumor growth or to inhibit the cancerous cells completely. The disadvantage is the impact on healthy tissue. Prostate cancer is the third degree has a noticeable response to the impact of the drugs in this group.
- Hormonal therapy
If excision of the affected tissue cannot use the hormone therapy. Used antiandrogen drugs. They allow you to slow down prostate cancer, reduce the severity and progression of symptoms and even reduce the size of tumors, even if stage 3.
HIFU therapy is a impact on prostate cancer high frequency ultrasound. The method is precise and gentle. The destruction of the tumor tissue occurs by means of heating them. Healthy tissue does not fall under ultrasonic radiation.
Prostate cancer grade 3 involves the survival rate for 5-6 years when correctly chosen tactics of treatment. The use of hormonal therapy provides half of the patients the duration of life of about 3 years. Overall, the prognosis of the disease depends on a complex of factors – patient age, presence of comorbidities and distant metastases.
It should be noted that the timely seeking medical care improves for prostate cancer grade 3 and increases the number of favorable outcomes, increases life expectancy.