How to do a prostate secretion analysis, and what does it do
The prostate secretion is a fluid produced by glands of the prostate and is a constituent of semen. From its performance depends largely on the fertilizing capacity of sperm. Changes in the composition of the secret can tell a lot about the state of this body.
Who prescribe analysis of the secret?
The study of prostate secretion is common in urological practice. Assessment of the collected material allows to identify the early stages of various diseases of the prostate and to assess its function. To collect material for analysis does not need special preparation, but there are some instructions that take note of, as it affects and decryption.
Do the analysis of juice prostate only for certain indications:
- Difficulty or painful urination;
- Pain in the groin and in the perineum;
- Determining the fertility level representative of the stronger sex;
- Diagnosis of chronic prostatitis.
There are contraindications to the fence prostate secretion. These include inflammatory processes in the male body, accompanied by fever above 38 degrees Celsius. The fence material is impossible in the presence of acute hemorrhoids and fissures. Interpreting the results of the analysis will not be reliable in the presence of tuberculous lesions of the body.
How is the fence material?
Special training to the fence material is not required, but strongly encouraged to abstain from sex during the week before the manipulation. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages, trips to steam rooms and saunas, and not to do heavy exercise. To listen to appointments necessary, as they determine the accuracy of assessing and interpreting the results. For receiving secret prostate the doctor does a rectal massage of the prostate patient.
The man takes the knee-elbow position or lie on side with knees bent and brought to chest feet. The doctor inserts it into the anus of the patient finger, and making a stroking motion from the periphery to the center of the body presses on the neck of the gland, which stimulates the secretion of that and take on the tank, and microscopic analysis. The resulting juice prostate immediately collected in a sterile container and sent to a lab, where we do a microscopy and culture of prostate secretion. If during the procedure the juice has not been removed, then the patient is asked to urinate and collect first portion of urine. This portion will contain the juice of the prostate.
Norms and deviations
In the laboratory the secret of the prostate carefully examine: do the cultures of the collected material and make a microscopic evaluation of the material. Transcriptthe results of microscopy and bacterial culture test can only be performed by a specially trained technician.
|Normal levels of secretion of the prostate|
|№ p/p||Figure||The norm|
|1||The number||From 0.5 to 2 ml|
|3||The smell||The smell of raw chestnut|
|6||Leukocytes||To 10 in sight|
|9||Slomannye epithelial cells||1-3 in field of view|
|13||The conditional-pathogenic microflora||Missing or isolated|
|14||Amyloid corpuscles||Not found|
|16||Lecithin grain||About 10 million/ml|
As indicated by the deviation from the norm?
Changes of prostate secretion from the norm in one direction or another indicate the occurrence of pathological processes in the prostate gland of men. The correct interpretation of the analysis results allows the physician to establish the correct diagnosis and appoint adequate treatment, making it invaluable in the diagnosis.
A small number of dedicated prostate secretion in the transcripts may indicate prostatitis. If the juice of the prostate stood out in large numbers, it is one of the manifestations of stagnation in the body.
The color, density and smell
Boil the white color of the juice, yellow, brownish-yellow or transparent color of the collected material indicate inflammatory processes in the prostate of men. The pinkish shades of the secret may indicate the presence of blood. Changes in fluid density in large and smaller side can talk about the inflammation, and an unpleasant odor is called pathogens. What kind of microflora makes this an unpleasant smell, determine bacanales prostate secretion.
The shift of the reaction pH to the acid side occurs in acute inflammation.
Alkaline reaction observed in chronic pathologies that are in remission. In the acute phase sharply shifts the pH to the acid side. Transcript of the pH result is important for the diagnosis of acute and chronic prostatitis.
Leukocytes, macrophages, erythrocytes, epithelial and giant cells
If increased leukocytes in the prostate secretion indicates that inflammatory processes not only inthe prostate gland, but does not exclude the occurrence thereof, and in the urethra. Inflammation will also indicate red blood cells. Inflammation betray themselves by the presence in the analysis of epithelial cells.
In addition, the high content of red blood cells may indicate the appearance of tumors. Macrophages are observed in the presence of a long-term inflammatory processes and stagnation of secretory fluid in the gland. Congestion and chronic processes is confirmed by decoding the presence, in a study of the giant cells.
Amyloid corpuscles, lecithin grain
Amyloid corpuscles in the study when the decoding indicates the occurrence of the adenoma or prolonged inflammatory processes. The adenoma may indicate retention syndrome, which is characterized by a rich content of macrophages and multinucleated cells are present and amyloid corpuscles. The decrease in the concentration of lecithin grains on the background of increase of leukocytes in the analysis may indicate neoplasm, prostatitis or prolonged chronic inflammation of the urinary tract of men. Increased lecithin grains for decryption is not affected.
Pathogenic bacteria and fungi
The cultures of the prostatic secretions can identify both pathogenic microflora and pathogenic microorganisms. A large number of bacteria will be sown in inflammation of the body. The cultures could detect causative agents of trichomoniasis and gonorrhea.
Analysis of prostate secretion is important for the correct diagnosis. It can be used to determine not only the disease but also the stage of its development, as well as planting the tank will help to identify the causative agent.
Despite the diagnostic value, the price remains acceptable and will not impact the pocket of a patient. The cost ranges from 400 rubles, this includes the sowing prostate secretion and microscopy.