Details about the causes, symptoms and treatment of kidney failure in men
Renal failure is a pathological condition of body associated with a disruption of the kidneys. The development of renal failure in men occurs due to damage to kidney cells called nephrons under the influence of any adverse factors.
Progressive renal failure leads to serious metabolic disorders, severe intoxication and deterioration of all body systems. To date, the number of men suffering from this disease is growing annually by 10-12 %.
Depending on the reasons, which caused the development of pathology in men kidney failure can be acute or chronic. Acute renal failure is a consequence of the acute destruction of renal tissue under the influence of external or internal causes. There are the following reasons for the development of acute renal failure in men:
- Disorder of renal blood circulation (shock, collapse).
- Poisoning (poisons, snake and insect bites, pharmaceuticals).
- Infectious diseases.
- Inflammatory processes in renal tissue.
- Blockage of the urinary tract.
- Damage to or removal of a solitary kidney.
Chronic kidney failure occurs due to gradual loss of kidney function, which is caused by the death of their cells. The development of chronic renal disease in men is cause by the following reasons:
- Chronic inflammation in kidney tissue (glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis).
- Disorders of metabolism (diabetes, gout, amyloid degeneration).
- Congenital kidney disease.
- Rheumatic diseases (dermatosclerosis, lupus).
- Hypertension and diseases that cause disorder of the renal circulation.
- Diseases in which there is mechanical obstruction of the urinary tract (urolithiasis, hydronephrosis, tumor).
The most common causes of chronic renal disease in men are inflammatory renal diseases, and congenital and diabetic nephropathy.
What is the pathology
Signs of renal failure depend largely on shape, disease duration, and precipitating causes.
The acute course
The symptoms in this case are manifested primarily in a sharp decline in the amount of urine or complete cessation of its allocation. There are signs of intoxication: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, under the influence of toxins, increases liver. Patientsif you experience symptoms of renal dysfunction in the form of specific swelling under the eyes, on the feet. Because of progressive destruction of nephrons there are signs of disorders of the nervous system, patients are inhibited or, conversely, agitated.
Symptoms of acute kidney failure develops in the following sequence:
- Stage 1 – associated with the direct influence of the causes of pathology to the kidneys. It lasts from the moment of impact causes before the first signs of defeat. Symptoms of intoxication (nausea, anemia, dyspepsia).
- Stage 2 – for her most characteristic features such as reduced number or complete absence of urine. The breakdown of urine accompanied by symptoms of General poisoning urinary exchange: strong inhibition, increased blood pressure, diarrhea, pallor of the skin and its swelling. Gradually join this symptoms of disorders of the liver.
- Stage 3 – is restorative. At this time, the symptoms of kidney damage gradually subside, the rest of the body is also developing its work. The daily urine comes to normal level, blood is purified of toxins.
- Stage 4 – final recovery. May continue for a long period during which there is complete restoration of function of the urinary system to a normal state.
If you experience these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor for medical help!
Chronic renal failure also occurs in men consistently:
- Stage 1 – hidden. It is characterized by only a slight General symptoms of intoxication: weakness, fatigue, dry mouth. In the urine can be detected admixture of a small protein.
- Stage 2 – the symptoms remain the same, but occur with greater frequency. To this must be added the increase in the amount of urine appear typical swelling of the feet and under the eyes.
- Stage 3 – characterized by an increase of symptoms and progressive deterioration of the patient. Strong intoxication products exchange bladder causes severe weakness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite. Join this symptoms of disorders of the liver – the skin turns yellow and loses its elasticity. Muscles become flaccid, there may be convulsions, trembling of hands, joint pain. At this time the patient's condition may waves alternate with periods of improved well-being.
- Stage 4 – is the ultimate. It is characterized by symptoms of severe intoxication. Lethargy and depression of the patient can alternate with anxiety and excitement, the behavior isinadequate, disturbed sleep. Face gets puffy, gray-yellow, itchy skin, body temperature is continually lowered, there are growing signs of weakness and muscular dystrophy. No appetite, mouth odor of urine, mouth ulcers, tongue plaque. Observed dyspeptic symptoms: bloating, vomiting, diarrhea with fetid odor. At this time there is disorder of cardiac activity and functions of the respiratory system, there are symptoms of irreversible disorders in the brain and the immune system. From the patient constantly smells like urine.
How to recognize the disease
In order to prevent the development of serious complications, timely diagnosis, identifying the causes that triggered the disease. Diagnosis includes a patient survey, inspection, study the urinary system by various methods (probing, instrumental and laboratory diagnostics). Comprehensive diagnostics provides for the mandatory biochemical blood and urine tests, ultrasound, x-rays, CT scan, biopsy, endoscopy and other studies. Comprehensive early diagnosis will allow time to begin treatment and prevent the transition of the disease in a severe form.
How to fix the problem
The treatment of kidney failure in men is complex. Conservative treatment includes the following activities:
- Detelecine – limit the intake of protein, salt, increase the content of vegetable fats in the diet.
- Treatment antihypertensives that reduce blood pressure.
- The diuretics to stimulate urine formation.
- Treatment is to reduce the intensity of autoimmune phenomena.
- Treatment of anemia with drugs that stimulate hematopoiesis.
- Lowering acidity in the stomach via antacids.
- Vitamin and calcium-phosphorus complexes.
Active treatment of renal failure includes:
- Hemodialysis – cleansing the blood of toxins with the help of a special apparatus "artificial kidney".
- Peritoneal dialysis – blood purification with simultaneous regulation of water-salt metabolism. To do this, introduced into the abdominal cavity and then aspirated with a special solution.
- Transplant a donor kidney.
Accurate identification of the causes of the disease, comprehensive diagnosis by an experienced physician and well-timed treatment will help avoid serious complications, to maintain your health and wellbeing.