Details about the types, symptoms and treatment of urological diseases in men
Urological disease in men are considered a special branch of medicine – urology. Male urology is studying the diseases of the urinary organs, their symptoms, methods of detection, treatment and prevention. Urology contains additional branch – Nephrology, which involves only kidney disease. At its core urology is a surgical discipline, it studies mainly surgical methods of treatment of urological diseases urology this is fundamentally different from Nephrology.
In the last section of urology treated diseases of male genital organs, but over time, these diseases were studied in a separate section of medicine – andrology. Despite the fact that urology is often inextricably linked with andrology, the two medical specializations are increasingly separated. Currently, the men's urology is divided into narrower topics: pediatric urology, geriatric urology, urologic Oncology, Phthisiology.
Urological diseases can seriously complicate a man's life, worsen his health, reduce the ability to social adaptation, and self-confidence, undermining self-esteem and faith in themselves. Urological disease in 2/3 of cases occur in men asymptomatic, therefore tend to be invisible to the progression and transition in the chronic form. In addition, it often happens that men, even knowing about his disease, don't approach her treatment and do not even go for testing. The reason for this can be a common shame to the society, fear or laziness and tendency to let things drift. Delaying the trip to the doctor and treatment of urological diseases in men, often leads to disastrous consequences, so it is worth remembering that the examination and start treatment in the early stages will avoid many problems and are relatively easy to get rid of the problem.
What are the disease
Among men aged 18-45 years, the most common types of urological diseases:
- Sexually transmitted diseases: syphilis, gonorrhea, thrush, and hlamidiozy, Trichomonas, Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma infections.
- Disease of inflammatory nature:
- Urethritis – inflammation of the urethral channel.
- Balanoposthitis – inflammation of the foreskin and the penis head.
- Prostatitis – an inflammatory process in the tissues of the prostate.
- Orchiepididymitis – inflammation of the tissues of the epididymis and testicle.
- Cystitis – inflammation of the bladder.
- Pyelonephritis – an inflammatorydamage to the kidneys.
3. Diseases of the intimate sphere:
Signs of problems
In many cases, urological diseases in men occur without any symptoms and often go unnoticed. However, there are common symptoms, which occurs most of the male urological diseases with a clear clinical picture of:
- Rash, discharge, redness in the vulva.
- Soreness, burning, itching.
- Disorders of urination.
- The pain during the sexual act or after it.
- Fatigue, weakness.
- An increase in superficial lymph nodes.
If you live an active sex-life and discover they have any of these symptoms, immediately get tested at the doctor-venereologist and urological examination – timed treatment will help to maintain your health.
The main symptoms of this disease are a discharge from the urethral canal and discomfort, burning sensation, cramps during urination. Cause development of urethritis are most often the introduction of pathogenic organisms into the urinary path or injuries during the discharge of urinary stones.
Can occur in acute or chronic form. For the acute course of the disease characterized by such symptoms as erosive lesions on the glans penis and foreskin, purulent discharge, pain, redness, swelling, growths, sometimes white. Acute balanoposthitis is manifested by fever, weakness throughout the body and in the legs, sometimes amounting to fainting. In the chronic form of the disease the symptoms much smooth skin on the head of the penis and the foreskin wrinkled.
Prostate adenoma, prostatitis
BPH in men manifests itself in the form of the following major symptoms: shortness, intermittent, and frequent urination sluggish stream, or in drops, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder. In addition, symptoms such as a strong urge to urinate both day and night, ending involuntary release of urine. For typical prostatitis symptoms of disorders of urination, pain in the groin and lumbar area, pain with ejaculation, reduced sexual desire and ability to have an erection, increased body temperature.
The acute phase of the disease is characterized by symptoms such as fever and severe pain in the scrotum, redness of her, increasing and seal of the testicle with the appendage. After about a week the process becomes chronic and the symptoms are smoothed out, however, the testicle with the appendage remain dense and enlarged.
For cystitis characterizedfrequent and painful urination, strong urges to him, cramps, burning, pain in the urine there is blood or mucus. In addition, there may be fever, weakness. In the chronic form the symptoms are smoothed in the urine is present only mucus.
Often occurs as a complication of prostatitis, BPH, urolithiasis, or inflammation of the urethra in older men. For the acute form of the disease is characterized by the following symptoms: a sharp increase in body temperature to 40 degrees, headache, weakness, nausea and vomiting, dull pain in the lumbar.
This disease is manifested dull aching and sharp pain in the lumbar region, discharge of blood with urine, frequent and difficult urination. In the discharge of stones occur attacks of renal colic cramping with sharp pains that can cover the lower back, side, and abdomen, as well as "give" in the thigh, perineum or testicles.
Impotence in men is manifested mainly in the violation of erectile function: an erection it is weak or absent, and sometimes disappears directly during sexual intercourse, sexual intercourse is not always possible, ejaculation occurs very quickly.
In order to be able to identify and pinpoint the nature and source of the disease, you need to contact an experienced doctor who will perform a comprehensive examination and survey of the patient, laboratory and other essential research.
Initial examination of the patient need for primary diagnosis and determine the further course of action. Inspection of the external genitalia reveals the presence of inflammation and infectious diseases, sexually transmitted. In addition, urological examination includes a mandatory palpation of the prostate through the rectum to exclude a neoplastic process.
For an accurate diagnosis urologist takes men a swab from the urethra for analysis. Swab needed for the laboratory studies for the presence of pathogenic organisms, defining its nature and degree of pathogenicity. Urogenital smear reveals the presence of inflammation and latent infection in the urogenital system of men. In addition, a swab from the urethra enables you to define the types settled in it, bacteria and their number, so the doctor prescribes a treatment with the drugs that are effective against the microflora.
Swab in men taking for diagnosis when symptoms of inflammation of the urethra, prostate and bladder. At the same smear can show the presence of infections such as ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis,trichomoniasis, yeast infections etc. are Taken urogenital swab allows the diagnosis to one or another urological disease of men most accurately.
How to fix the problem
The treatment of any urological disease in men should be comprehensive and start with eliminating the causes that caused it. For urethritis treatment includes:
- The use of antibiotics which can be prescribed only by the doctor after laboratory tests of urogenital smear and determine the type of microflora present in the urethra.
- Receiving immunostimulant and vitamin preparations (ribomunyl, timalin, I think).
- The intake of probiotics along with antibiotics to prevent the development of dysbiosis (Linex, Bifiform, Bifidumbacterin, etc.).
- The introduction into the urethra of antiseptic solutions.
Treatment of balanoposthitis includes:
- Washing of the foreskin and the glans of the penis with a solution furatsilina or hydrogen peroxide.
- Treatment of the lesion with antiseptic ointments (Miramistin, chlorhexidine, sintomitsinovoy, kseroforma).
- Antibiotics, antiviral or antifungal medications.
- In difficult cases resort to surgery. If the male foreskin is narrowed, it is necessary to conduct operations for its dissection. After the symptoms of inflammation diminish, proceed to operations for the full circumcision. The meaning of this operation is to widen the external opening of the urethra. In advanced cases, the operation by suturing the edges of the urethra to the edges of the penis head.
- The laser surgery.
Treatment of BPH involves the following activities:
- Surgery is the main treatment of this disease.
- Intake of alpha-blockers and antibiotics.
- Immune therapy (Reaferon, pirogenal etc.).
Treatment of prostatitis includes antibiotics, alpha-adrenoblokiruyuschim drugs, immunostimulators, mainly, the massage of the prostate. Prostate massage is necessary to improve its blood supply and nutrition. Used prostate massage when it is chronic inflammation with restoration of its function. Prostate massage is performed through the rectum, the patient lying on his side, the bladder should be filled. Prostate massage can be done with the diagnostic purpose for taking the gland secretion. If you suspect a tumor lesion of the prostate gland it massage is contraindicated. To do prostate massage only by a qualified experienced doctor in a clinic.
Treatment of cystitis, pyelonephritis and urolithiasisthe disease is complex with the use of antibiotics and symptomatic therapy. In cases of incontinence of urine has been proven a useful tool like urological pads for men, which protect clothes from soaking involuntarily released urine. Urological liners for men are designed to facilitate socialization of patients suffering from this disease.
Treatment of all urological diseases of men should be combined with a mandatory transition to the correct balanced nutrition, the settlement lifestyle, sexual activity, and establishing routines and thorough personal hygiene.