In what diseases go to the doctor-urologist and how it helps
Due to the fact that to the urologist addressed infrequently, many have a vague idea about his activities. Urology is study of urinary system in health and disease. It consists of several divisions of children's, men's and women's urology. This separation is due to gender and age characteristics of the structure of the genitourinary system. The doctor not only carries out Advisory reception, it is also the operating specialist. The main range of its activity is that it treats diseases of the urinary system.
It is worth noting that the urologist is not exclusively a male doctor, his patients can be women suffering from urinary disorders. Therefore, it is not only in adult clinics.
However, this article will pay more attention to pathology of the male body.
Under what ailments it helps
A urologist is a physician who completed six years of training in the specialty "medical business", and then graduated from residency or internship due to specialty "medical care". In the professional interests of the urologist includes all the structural elements of the urinary system. Regarding men and men's health, the doctor deals with diseases of the kidneys, ureters, urethra, bladder, prostate and external genitalia. Accordingly, he treats diseases of the specified locale.
Consultation of the urologist is necessary at the first symptoms of diseases of the organs of the urinary system. Often this consultation is required when disturbances in the sexual sphere in men. So, consultation with a urologist is indicated for the following signs:
- Painful urination.
- Manifestation dysuria (change the multiplicity of the acts of urination, volume of urine, etc.).
- Burning sensation during urinary tract during urination.
- Admixture of blood and pus in the urine.
- Pain in the lumbar region and above the pubis.
It is the elimination of the causes of the above symptoms does a urologist. So whatever the symptom, the doctor's consultation is mandatory and should be written to him. These symptoms can be signs of many diseases of men. The main ones are treated by a urologist, consider the following:
- Inflammatory and non-inflammatory diseases of kidney tissue.
- Diseases of the bladder.
- Pathology of the urinary tract.
- Inflammation of the glans penis.
- Of prostate disease.
- Pathology of the testes, including cryptorchidism.
- Neoplasms of the external genitalia of menand the urinary system.
- Injury of the genital organs in men.
Often urologist treats sexually transmitted infections. This can be explained by the fact that the causative agents of such infections often cause inflammation of the urinary organs in men, and this was a part of the specialty of this doctor. Therefore, the presence of genital infections is recommended to consult a specialist.
Types of research
Initial consultation and appointment is the careful survey of the patient. Then the urologist is engaged in its examination checks for the presence of pathognomonic symptoms of certain diseases of men. Often for the assessment of the male reproductive system it is necessary to conduct palpation examination of the prostate through the wall rectum. After that, the doctor's task is to formulate the preliminary diagnosis, determine the tactics of examination. And only after the above urologist treats. Let us consider what kind of examination made by an expert. First and foremost you will need a standard set of studies:
- Clinical analysis of blood.
- Clinical analysis of urine.
- In the presence of sexual dysfunction or infertility needs a semen analysis.
- Examination of smear from the urethra on the pathogenic flora.
- PCR to determine the pathogenic intra - and intercellular microorganisms and viruses.
- The determination of markers of cancer.
May need instrumental examinations such as ultrasound, myeloscopy, urethrocystoscopy, biopsy, imaging and more. And just for the next appointment, after receiving all the necessary data, the physician determines the tactics and treats.
How to get to the doctor
To get on reception to the urologist, you must sign up for a specific date and time. This can be done in the district hospitals or private hospitals. In public hospitals the admission is free, but you may need more time to wait for the appointment with your doctor. This is due to the heavy workload of a specialist in the institutions of state ownership.
Urologist — a specialist who treats pathological conditions and diseases of the urinary system, and also deals with therapy of diseases of the male reproductive system. His consultation is necessary if any signs of pathology of the urinary and reproductive system. Therefore, if you have the slightest symptoms should make an appointment to see the urologist.