Conducting a swab from the urethra in men and the peculiarities of its transcription
Smear from the urethra in men is a common manipulation to study the microflora of the urethra. This diagnostic study is common in urology and venereology. Laboratory analysis of the smear flora allows us to identify the microorganisms that settled in the urinary channel and whether they are the cause of inflammatory processes. Many men are interested in how we take the material for analysis, interpreting the results and what is the norm, and also, is there any preparation to analysis and how to carry it out. Let's face it.
Smear from the urethra in men allows to establish the presence of different inflammation and nonspecific diseases of the genitourinary system. Also it helps to determine the type of microorganisms, which after entering into the urethra began a pathological process. Smear on flora is very informative for the diagnosis of such diseases:
- Urethritis and ulcerative lesions of the urethra ‒ are determined not only acute but also chronic inflammatory processes in the urinary tract.
- Prostatitis is also possible to diagnose prestatore.
- Cystitis ‒ material from the urethra in a laboratory study allows to show the presence of inflammatory processes in the bladder.
- Tumor ‒ malignant or benign tumors of the urogenital area men will manifest themselves in the results of the content analysis of the urinary canal.
- STDs are most often laboratory tests will indicate the presence of pathogens of gonorrhea or trichomoniasis.
What is the fence material?
Smear from the urethra in men is almost the same as a smear from urethra in women, and breakdown of indicators are broadly similar.
For a healthy person sampling analysis on the flora is a relatively painless procedure if it is done correctly.
For men inflammation in the urinary channel to do a swab from the urethra pain. Also after a sample is taken some time, possible discomfort and painful urination. Sometimes careless capture of the material can cause bleeding from the urinary tract. Most often, the next day all the unpleasant consequences of stroke are.
A sterile applicator is introduced into the urethra to a depth of 2-4 inches and a neat circular movements and remove. The fence material can also conduct a special spoon or urogenital probe. The result of the analysis is most often ready in 2 days.
How to prepare?
To avoid erroneous results, it is necessary to prepare for analysis. To do this the day before a smear should abandon the sexual contacts. If the treatment is carried outantibacterial drugs, then you must take at least a week after taking the drug. Directly in front of the fence material is not recommended to urinate within 2 hours.
The results of the analysis
The doctor when reading the analysis of the flora first drew attention to the number of certain cells in the smear, and the presence of certain microorganisms. This valuable data. With them, the doctor will correctly set the diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. Incorrect readings of test results can have serious consequences.
The first row in the result of the analysis is a record of the presence of leukocytes in the smear and the number of them. Norma leukocytes in a smear of a healthy male is an important indicator, and decoding of their values is very valuable in diagnosis. The normal number of leukocytes should not exceed 5 pieces in sight.
If the number of leukocytes increased, then this indicates to the physician the presence of the inflammatory process in the urethra. If an increased number of leukocytes detected due to neutrophils and lymphocytes, this indicates the development of acute urethritis or exacerbation of chronic. If the increase was due to the eosinophils, then we are talking about the allergic process, which developed after the introduction of allergen into the organism of the man.
More than 10 epithelial cells per field of view indicate and chronic urethritis or leukoplakia of the urethra. A more precise answer will give decoding of the number of cells in the same analysis. Present in the analysis on the flora of the red blood cells, or simply the blood indicates injury of the urethra or a tumor in the urethra. The blood smear also indicates ulcerative urethritis.
Increased amount of mucus is observed in urethritis, trauma and tumors of the urethra. After finding lipoid cells in the smear result we can say about prostacare, and the presence of sperm will indicate the spermatorrhea. In smear-bodied men should be absent such pathogens as Trichomonas, gonococci, and fungi of the genus Candida. Otherwise, their presence indicates that the development of such STDs as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and candidiasis. The presence of key cells indicates the gardnerellosis or his carriage.
The result of the analysis on the flora makes single cocci, but the abundant number of them with full confidence will indicate non-specific urethritis. But it should be remembered that a swab from the urethra will not reflect the presence of such STDs as ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, genital herpes and other diseases. For the diagnosis of these diseases using PCR analysis, which is done after taking a scraping from the walls of the urethra.
Transcript of analysis depends largely on how it wentthe preparation of the smear flora, as correctly held the capture material, even a small deviation from the rules will affect the result. You should also once again ask you doctor what to prepare after the fence material and how to alleviate the effects. For more informative and more accurate diagnosis the doctor may ask you to take a blood test.