How to take a swab from men and what does it do?
Smear from the urethra in men is one of the compulsory studies at the urologist. There are no men in the world that never in my life did not pass inspection at the doctor-urologist. Even for a preventive exam, the doctor mandatory takes the scraping of the urethra to search for a variety of infections. Particular emphasis on the results of the study urologist will pay in the presence of symptoms of disease. Using the survey results to find out the state of the genitourinary system, the presence of pathogens (cocci, Trichomonas and others) and signs of inflammation. How to take a swab from men and how is the decryption result does it hurt to hand over the analysis on flora, it depends on the treatment results, take a closer look.
How is the fence material
Before to pass to analysis of material from the urethra, the man should be prepared: to conduct a thorough toilet genitals (this procedure is best done before bed, not in the morning), to refrain from sexual relations for at least 2 days before the planned visit to the urologist. If before the appointment the man was taking the antibiotics, which he was treating other infections, you should warn your doctor about this.
The urologist will carry the date of collection of the material at a later date, for at least 2 weeks after the last dose of the antibacterial drug. Analysis on the flora is taken no earlier than 2-3 hours later after emptying the bladder. If we neglect the above rules, the figures will be distorted and correct treatment is prescribed. This is especially important if there is a pathogenic flora in the body, such as the various cocci, diplococci (gonorrhea), Trichomonas and other.
The fence is a smear from the urethra men and the procedure takes about 2-3 minutes. Specialist with a probe or a cotton swab takes the contents of the urethra. In urethra men is introduced tool or a cotton swab to a depth of 4-5 cm and rotational movements then removed. It may be painful, especially if the urinary tract is observed in inflammatory processes.
A swab taken from the urethra and applied to a glass slide. It, in turn, leave to study in the laboratory with the aim of finding pathogens. Part of the material sent for PCR analysis. In some cases, the doctor takes a scraping just to study for a certain flora. Or scraping is to identify hidden pathologies, which could cause cocci or other bacteria, or so begin to monitor the treatment of this disease.
After the procedure, for some time a man experiences discomfort. Likely itching and burning and can also be painfulurination.
How do you evaluate the result?
Transcript of response of the laboratory is carried out only by a specialist. The reliability of reading research on the flora depends on the diagnosis and treatment of the detected diseases or hidden pathologies. Looking for laboratory smear?
Analysis on the flora allows the presence of leukocytes in small quantities up to 5 pieces. If decryption smear results showed that in the material of more than 5 units, it means that the organs of the urogenital system of men's going on the pathological process, which could cause various cocci or other types of pathogenic organisms. The reason for their appearance is capable of being as infections and tumors in the urethra or prostate.
More about this will tell the location of these cells on the slide. If the leukocytes in the field of view of more than 100 pieces, the doctor may suspect gonorrhea or trichomoniasis. Pathogen or type of neoplasm is defined only by the doctor, appointing additional examination. Its validity will depend on the treatment of pathology.
The epithelium is slomannye with the surface of the mucosa cells. Normally, they may be contained in the material, but not more than 10 per field of view. If the number of epithelial cells in a smear on flora is more than 10 pieces, it means that the urethra is a pathological process, and there can be various cocci, Trichomonas and other bacteria.
A particularly important indicator in combination with leukocytes. Acute inflammation will manifest itself the same number of leukocytes and epithelial cells. In chronic course of the disease the epithelium will dominate the leucocytes. Also the epithelial cells in the smear indicates a possible inflammatory processes after trauma, tumor, ulcerative lesions and presence of infection. Treatment of diseases depends on the answer of the lab.
Mucus in the smear contains a small amount. If in a smear observed high content of mucus, this means that in the urinary tract of men on closer examination to really detect pathogenic flora. It can be:
- The diplococci.
- A variety of cocci.
- Chlamydia and other pathological microorganisms.
The combination of the high content of mucus, leucocytes and epithelial in smear represents the manifestation of infection in acute process. If the urinary tract is present chronic pathologies, mucus and epithelium will exceed the number of protective blood cells. This combination also indicates hidden inflammation.
Normal smears may contain isolated cocci. If the transcript studies on the flora revealed the presence insmear more than 5 microorganisms in the field of view, this indicates that dysbiosis urogenital system. This is the reason why in the urinary tract multiplied cocci (diplococci, staphylococci) and other types of infections that cause inflammation. Treatment will be assigned after we analyze the sensitivity of pathogens to antibiotics.
Diplococci, Trichomonas and fungi in the smear in norm should not be available. If laboratory analysis showed diplococci (gonococci), it means that was infected with gonorrhea. The presence of trichomonads indicates trichomoniasis, and the presence of fungi in the smear will tell you about the fungal, the most common of which is the defeat of fungi of the genus Candida.
A swab taken from the urethra, which is taken from men, is important in urology and venereology. With its help, the doctor not only determines the presence of inflammatory processes in the genitourinary organs of men, but also captures the type of infection. Such indicators determine the right treatment and help to avoid mistakes in diagnosis. Because the smear test for infection, if it is appointed by urologist, you need to take, even if it hurts.