Characteristics of STDs in men and hidden infections (signs, diagnosis, therapy)
STDs in men – the theme is quite intimate and prosaic, each of the representatives of the stronger sex once in my life met with any kind of STIs. The list of infections is quite impressive, from the banal chlamydia to HIV.
Fortunately a large part of STDs respond well to specific treatment, but there are diseases that remain in the body forever (genital herpes) or fatal (HIV) infection. To eliminate the HPV (human papilloma virus) in men under the age of 25 years.
Treatment of any STD will be successful only if it begins in a timely manner and brought to the end. How to notice the primary signs of STDs?
Life after the incubation
Genital infections in men manifest the following common characteristics:
- Frequent and painful urination.
- Rash and redness in the intimate area.
- The increase in the inguinal lymph nodes and discharge from the penis.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
Such signs of STDs should be a reason for visiting venereologist, would be a shame as it seems for men. Every day of delay gives the STI a new impulse to extensive development and manifestation of complications, which then will be impossible to eliminate.
STDs in men – infections transmitted in any form sexual contact (vaginal, anal, oral, vibrator). A big part of STD is treatable, but diseases such as HPV, HIV, hepatitis C, e, G-8 currently are incurable. Abstinence, the most effective way to prevent STIs.
When the alarm is declared
There are several major signs that a man may suspect yourself of STDs. So the infection manifests itself when the incubation period is over:
- Burning, itching in the genital area.
- Pimples, sores, redness of the penis or anus.
- Urination labored due to the pain.
- Painful and enlarged lymph nodes in the groin.
- Severe discomfort or inability to hold intercourse because of the pain.
All of these symptoms appear only when hidden (incubation) period is over. The incubation time at each disease their, chlamydia first signs can occur several weeks after infection, many STDs "long sleep" in the body of men, manifesting itself under favorable conditions or existing chronic disease.
The most common
Most often, doctors venereologists have to register the presence of the following STDs in men:
- Chlamydia. The incubation period is 1-4 weeks, is pain in the scrotum, or the perineum radiating to the lower back, secretions, pain when urinating.
- Trichomoniasis. The incubation period of 4-21 the day, sometimes the symptomstrichomoniasis manifested much later Muco-purulent discharge from the urethra. But most often, the infection is latent period.
- Ureaplasmosis. The incubation period from 3 days to one month. Symptoms: scanty and clear discharge, discomfort in the intimate area, itching, pain.
- Gonorrhea. Characteristic symptoms appear on day 3-7: greenish-yellowish discharge, pain and burning sensation.
- Syphilis. The incubation period is 3-6 weeks, the first signs appear in the form of sores that have a round shape (chancre). Treatment initiated in this period, giving positive results. Otherwise, severe and fatal, no wonder syphilis is called the "slow death".
- Mycoplasmosis. Transmission is sexual, vertical. Affects all genitourinary organs visible symptoms are absent, but severely affected the immune system. Often, the infection occurs in the form of prostatitis, cystitis, urethritis affects the kidneys. Treatment of both sexual partners simultaneously to prevent secondary infection.
Hidden infections in men – those STDs that occur almost asymptomatic, reveal them only when in the body, men began to have serious complications. In order to identify them will have to conduct some specific tests for infection and they will give an objective picture of the pathology in men.
Hidden infections (STIs long flowing latent) are transmitted sexually, through casual or vertically from mother to child. Primary symptoms small discomfort in the genital area they should convince the man to go to the venereal diseases (PAP). Diagnosis of hidden STDs is complicated enough, so will have to pass special tests.
For the development of latent STIs is influenced by the following factors:
- Subjective. Health, immune and nervous system in men is there a proper diet, lack of stress.
- Objective. Ecology, "hazardous" work.
Hidden infections in men are presented in a wide "range", a list of their impressive and dangerous. The primary will have to take a swab to identify the type of infection, medications needs specialist. Treatment carried out only under medical supervision to avoid complications.
Categories: clinical manifestations
Symptoms of STIs are manifested in the following main categories:
- Manifested in genital lesions.
- Accompanied by urethritis.
- Systemic lesions.
Pathology, manifested by genital changes:
- Chancroid. The affected area – the penis, anus or the mouth area. A tumor in 3-10 days later, painful ulcers. For treatment using drugs: Azithromycin, Ceftriaxone, Erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin. Usually whenany treatment sores disappear in a week.
- Lymphogranuloma venereum. Primary (3 to 12 days) is manifested by irritation and sores on the genitals, which then heal. After 2-6 weeks develops a secondary infection, which "travels" on the lymph nodes.
- Syphilis. Takes place in three stages, which are characterized by a succession of lesions of the male body. Begins with the formation of ulcers, skin rashes with the transition to the secondary stage arthritis, pathology of the liver and kidneys. In the third stage affects the entire body, develops meningitis, blindness, deafness. For early and late stage syphilis effective drugs penicillin.
Pathology, manifested by urethritis: chlamydia drugs Doxycycline, Azithromycin, gonorrhea (drugs Ceftriaxone, Spectinomycin,Cefixime).
Related article: HIV Symptoms in men: it is important to know
HIV infection, systemic pathology, the symptoms of which do not have clear symptoms. In the initial stage can manifest as rotavirus, enterovirus infection, accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, sore throat. The initial stage is manifested in men for a maximum period of 2 weeks, but sometimes the beginning of HIV infection is 10 months after infection. The spread of HIV throughout the body with inhibition of the immune system on average runs for 10 years.
Diagnostics as the need
If a man felt the signs of an STI immediately to the doctor (PAP), to search the world wide web way of healing is strictly forbidden. The lack of timely diagnosis and treatment not only threatens the health and lives of the men, but placed "at risk" people around him.
Diagnosis: examination, tests (PAP). Examined by DNA diagnostics.
Ways to detect hidden infections:
- To pass common DAB (bacterioscopy).
- ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).
- RIF (immunofluorescence reaction).
- PCR (polymerase chain reaction).
Treatment depends on results of diagnostics at the end of treatment, men undergoing control tests.
How to protect yourself? The condom – a classic self-defense against various kinds of STDs. In addition to it: intelligibility in sexual relations, periodic check-up (PAP), the culture of hygiene.