How to normalize cholesterol levels in the blood of men
Doing a blood test or bumping into another article about proper nutrition, quite often we find mention of the famous and the "terrible" cholesterol, which is so like to scare nutritionists. But despite the abundance of external information, what is this stuff and how is it a mythical danger, knows not everyone. Before shedding light on the true nature of cholesterol, I have to say: it is not so "bad" and moreover, very useful. By its chemical nature, this substance belongs to alcohols. Contains it in the cell walls of all living organisms (except fungi and non-nuclear cells).
With the participation of the cholesterol is the formation of sex hormones and vitamin D. in addition, it regulates the cell permeability and affects the stability of the immune system, performing thus a protective function. 80% of the substance produced by the body – this process involves mainly the liver and intestines. The remaining 20% comes with food.
Cholesterol, the rate in men, the causes of its increased content of what should be the diet and the optimum diet in case of deviations from the norm – all about it in this article.
Good or bad?
Cholesterol in the human body can be in two forms, is a basis of its division into "good" and "bad". "Good", or alpha cholesterol is associated with the protein-lipid compounds that have a high density, lipoproteins HDL. While in this form, it is carried to the tissues and internal organs of the body, not settling in the blood vessels. The "bad" form is associated with low density lipoprotein (LDL) and circulates throughout the body along with the blood, settling in the vessels, plugging them and causing atherosclerosis. Both of these forms together constitute a single indicator – total cholesterol. The levels determined during the biochemical analysis of blood. The concentration of each form separately subject to more in-depth analysis of the lipid composition of the blood.
What is the normal rate
There are many factors that influence the indicators of this substance: males depends on their age and individual characteristics of the organism, moreover, is greatly influenced by diet. Cholesterol level in children is lower than among men. With age its level increases especially after 50 years. There are also differences by gender: before reaching 50 years the level of cholesterol in the blood of men is higher than women of the same age, but after age 50 in men compared with women, this level becomes lower.
Table 1. Norm of cholesterol in blood of men.border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
The cause of high cholesterol in women after 50 years old is associated with the onset of menopause. In men with heart failure and a normal rate of cholesterol should be below normal for age. Lower cholesterol levels is also noted in diabetes. Men, especially after 50 years, it is necessary to monitor the level of cholesterol in the blood, as their cardiovascular system is not protected sex hormones in contrast with women. As a result, the risk of developing atherosclerosis in men after 50 years is very high.
Making a blood test for total cholesterol, you need to know: each laboratory uses its own research system, and this means that normal values at different labs may be different. Therefore, to interpret the results of the survey, based on the data of the medical institutions where the analyses were carried out.
The reasons for the variances
In men, there are the following causes of high cholesterol:
- Inflammatory and neoplastic processes in the pancreas.
- Hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver.
- Hypofunction of the thyroid gland.
- The abuse of alcohol.
- The failure or omission of the kidneys.
- Taking certain diuretics, and hormonal steroids.
Medical statistics say that cases of high cholesterol in men increase after 35 years. In addition, the level increases with sedentary lifestyle, inadequate physical activity, sedentary work. Negatively influenced by poor diet, overeating and bad habits.
Lower cholesterol men has the following causes:
- Heart failure.
- Sepsis, or blood poisoning.
- Infectious diseases.
- A diet with no animal proteins.
- Diseases of the liver.
What is the danger?
Variations in the concentration of cholesterol is dangerous for the health of men as if increase and when it decrease below normal. The increase of cholesterol in the blood men can lead to the development of atherosclerosis, which can lead to serious heart disease: angina, coronary artery disease, hypertension, myocardial infarction etc. Particularly high risk of this problem in older men.
Lowcholesterol in men can also lead to serious consequences: brain stroke, depression, Alzheimer's disease, weakening of the immune system. Low cholesterol can lead to reduced sexual activity and even infertility. This is not surprising, if we recall that the substance responsible for the synthesis of sex hormones. In addition, if the cholesterol is below normal, the body breaks down the synthesis of vitamin D and worsens the absorption of calcium, resulting in brittle bones and frequent fractures.
To show the level of cholesterol in blood can only the biochemical analysis of blood. This is determined General, the "good" and "bad" cholesterol. Blood sampling for the study is done in the morning on an empty stomach. The analysis is carried out:
- if you suspect diabetes;
- when hypofunction of the thyroid gland;
- at pathologies of liver and kidneys;
- in diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
In addition, men older than 40 years, doctors are strongly advised to undergo periodic blood tests with the determination of the concentration of cholesterol.
How to fix the problem
After a thorough examination, the doctor may prescribe appropriate treatment, the main part of which is a therapeutic diet combined with sufficient physical activity, exposure to fresh air and avoiding harmful habits. At high cholesterol diet avoids foods that have a lot of saturated fats, and replace them with foods that contain a lot of fiber.
In daily menu should include:
- vegetable salad with vegetable oil;
- skim milk and dairy products;
- steam meat, poultry or low-fat varieties of fish;
- bread from wheat flour;
- fresh fruit and natural juices (from apples, carrots, avocado, pomegranate, grapefruit);
- soy dishes;
- the omelets.
Presence in the menu of garlic in its pure form has a beneficial effect on lipid metabolism. The same effect provides gifts for daily use for 1-2 months, the rate of cholesterol is reduced by 7-8%. Introduction to menu bean has similar effects, the same ability differ and bran from oats. It must be remembered that in the menu of men suffering from this problem, there should be animal fats, red meat, fatty dairy products, coffee and alcohol. Correctly composed diet helps to reduce cholesterol up to 15%.
As a means of drug therapy used drugs such as:
- Statins (prevent the development of atherosclerosis).
- Acetylsalicylic acid.
- B vitamins
To improve cholesterol usefulthe use of such products as:
- The fatty fish.
- Beef, pork.
- Meat offal.
- Nuts, seeds.
- Egg yolks.
It must be remembered that self-medication at home without consulting a doctor is unacceptable. It is fraught with many complications and harmful side effects. The medication is only allowed when they are prescribed by an experienced physician and must be under his constant supervision