Details about the causes, symptoms and treatment of inflammation of the prostate
Inflammation of the prostate still remains a sore point for representatives of the stronger sex. And no wonder – this illness brings considerable discomfort and negatively affect the daily lives of men. Not to panic, not to feel fear of the unknown and not to create to itself unnecessary problems, let us examine what is the inflammation of the prostate, the symptoms and treatment of this disease. And also find out what medication is used to treat the disease, why are antibiotics used and what problems and complications can arise if you let it go.
The first question may ask the patient in the diagnosis of he inflammation of the prostate, is likely to be: "Where did I have this infection?" But all too simple. All these problems are the result of the impact of various factors. Causes of prostatitis:
- Infection, including tuberculosis, and STDs;
- Impaired circulation and stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs;
- Sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work;
- Sexual abstinence, promiscuity, artificial prolongation of sexual intercourse;
- Emotional stress or severe psychological stress;
- Bad habits;
- Various hormonal disturbances.
Do not be mistaken that prostatitis, a disease of men. Inflammation of prostate in men occurs at a young age. According to statistics, inflammation of the prostate are young people 30 years and older, but there have been cases of the disease and at an earlier age, depending on the cause of the disease.
Treatment and diagnostics of inflammation of the gland is simple, but for more effective healing, it is important not to miss the first signs of the disease. Otherwise possible development of complications such as cyst, malignant or benign tumors, stones and other. And as for treatment, use of antibiotics, the more the inflammatory process is launched, the longer they will have to accept them.
The leading cause of inflammation of the prostate is a bacterial infection. And to create favorable conditions for its development may hypothermia, stagnation of blood in the pelvic area, the transferred sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis and many more. For the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms, use of antibiotics, and depending on the way of infection in the prostate being treated and comorbidities. Pathogenic microorganisms get into the prostate in 3 main ways:
- Ascending infection penetrates into the prostate through the urethra. This is facilitated by unprotected and indiscriminate sexual acts, poor hygiene or balanite and balanopostit.
- The downward path. Pathogenic microflora penetrates the prostate atinflammatory lesions of the urogenital organs (kidneys, bladder, and others).
- Lymphogenic way. This path is very unusual, as the bacteria will penetrate the glandular organ men current of lymph from inflammation of other organs and systems, angina, bronchitis, furunculosis and other diseases. Especially if these ailments occur frequently, and treatment is not administered antibiotics.
The second main reason is sedentary and a sedentary lifestyle. He is provoking the stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs, and as a result, there is hypertrophy of the prostate. A great variety of reasons, and each by itself or in conjunction with other causes pathology. Treatment of the disease depends on the cause of the inflammatory process.
Inflammation of the prostate gland occurs in acute and chronic form. And if acute prostatitis manifests itself pronounced symptoms, the chronic form of the disease occurs gradually, her symptoms smoother. Problems caused by chronic process, the initial stages are less visible, and the man usually pays no attention to them, until they interfere with their daily life. Compare the symptoms of the disease:
|№ p/p||Symptoms||Acute process||Chronic process|
|1||Pain||Painful symptoms are pronounced. Felt in the perineum radiating to the buttocks, the penis and the scrotum.||Pain are mild, occasionally there is a feeling of heaviness in the perineum. The pain is not constant, symptoms appear and disappear, gradually growing in intensity. Men first time almost do not notice and do not pay attention to the "alarm bells".|
|2||Violation of urination||Urination painful and frequent. There is a delay of urination, it is caused by hypertrophy of the prostate. Any attempt to empty the bladder cause acute painful symptoms.||Periodically there are more frequent and painful urination, often with such force that it seems as if in the bladder a lot of urine. But the act of urination turns ineffective; weak stream, and urine is allocated a little. The reason for this is hypertrophy of the prostate. With the development of the disease dysuria increases. The stagnation of urine causes the development of opportunistic diseases.|
|3||Erectile dysfunction and fertility||Whensevere pain the man literally, not to sensual pleasures. Therefore, sexual activity is difficult to estimate.||The first signs of inflammation of the prostate gland are expressed in premature ejaculation with normal erection. Over time, reduced intensity of orgasm. Some patients ejaculation can be accompanied by painful sensations. Dissatisfaction with the sexual activity in men causes psychological decrease sexual desire.|
|4||General disorders||Deteriorating General condition, body temperature rises to 38.5 degrees Celsius and above. There are all signs and symptoms of intoxication.||Are expressed in increased fatigue, irritability. The fever is practically not observed, but possible low-grade fever (37-37,9). Problems can cause, and the emergence of constipation.|
It is easy to see that the symptoms of acute and chronic inflammation of the prostate gland are very similar, and the reasons for their occurrence. But acute inflammation and is characterized in that its symptoms, in contrast to chronic, very difficult to miss due to their bright intensity.
We should not ignore the symptoms of inflammation of the prostate, this male the disease will not disappear, but only transformirovalsya in a more complex and formidable diseases (tumor, cyst, stones, abscess, etc.). The only treatment prescribed by the urologist, based on the signs and the results of the survey. As for the treatment requires antibiotics, and the examination will be in-depth.
The doctor, after hearing complaints from men harassing his discomfort, will conduct inspection and manual examination of the prostate gland. After palpation of the prostate, the urine is collected and sent for analysis to the laboratory. In addition, it is mandatory to appoint a General blood test, PCR and discharge from the urethra.
Of instrumental examinations prescribed ultrasound of the prostate. If discovered during diagnosis of other pathologies of the prostate and planned surgical intervention, scheduling MRI and CT of the pelvic organs. Other additional diagnostic manipulations are performed only as directed by your healthcare doctor.
Treatment of acute and chronic forms of inflammation of the prostate should be comprehensive. First and foremost is the impact on the causes of the disease – it can be special medicines, physiotherapy, surgery and many more.
Treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland is long, and full recovery can only speak in sharpform of the disease. Unfortunately, chronic prostatitis is incurable, the quality of treatment can only be judged by the duration of periods of remission. Antibiotics the doctor prescribes after reviewing the test results. The administration of antibacterial drugs may take one to three months.
Reduces symptoms of pain
The use of a drug possessing anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, useful in inflammation of the prostate gland. Additionally, medication non-steroidal anti-inflammatory mechanism of action reduce the inflammatory process in the prostate, and leaves hypertrophy. If they don't, then connect hormone therapy.
The impact on the organs of urination and prostate
Preparations containing alpha-blockers, relax the muscles of the urethra and bladder neck, which contributes to the outflow of urine, and dealing with the delay. Muscle relaxants are also used to relax the muscles of the perineum, bladder, and urethra, in addition, these substances have a pronounced analgesic properties. The use of bioregulatory peptides normalizes metabolism in the prostate gland and stimulates its regeneration.
Physiotherapeutic effect on the prostate is only possible in chronic inflammation and only in the period of remission. Vitamins and minerals will help to remove the signs of vitamin C deficiency and to increase the body's resistance to infection. The antibiotic treatment that lasts long enough to cause the development of intestinal dysbiosis. Therefore, concurrently administered drugs containing bifidobacteria. Herbal and traditional medicines are used only with the permission of the attending physician.
Do not self medicate as the acute process can be transformed into chronic, and that, in turn, if no treatment, will develop into a tumor (carcinoma, adenoma) can form stones or cysts. Complications caused by the negligent attitude towards the disease, require a long, painful, and sometimes surgical treatment.