Details about kidney disease in men symptoms and treatment
Kidney disease in men are some of the most common diseases. In addition, in men, the symptoms of kidney disease appear more clearly and brightly than the female. Pathology of a different nature arising in the kidneys called nephropathy.
Currently, nephropathy affects about 2% of the population of the globe. The proportion of kidney disease makes up about 6% of all diseases in the world, with more than half of the cases the pathology occurs before 40 years of age.
Nephropathy occur most often in the form of chronic and difficult to treat, and therapeutic measures often have a weak or temporary effect. For this reason, men suffering from kidney diseases, need long-term and thorough treatment, often combined with the need for a complete change of lifestyle, diet, rest and labor.
Variety of pathologies
Depending on the causes and nature of the resulting pathology of nephropathy are of the following types:
- Defeat immune:
- The glomerulonephritis.
- Autoimmune nephropathy.
2. Infectious-inflammatory nephropathy:
- Abscessed lesion.
- Syphilitic nephropathy.
- The incidence of fungi, parasites and protozoa.
3. Metabolic nephropathy:
- Kidney damage in diabetes.
- Nephropathy in gout.
4. Toxic damage:
- In case of poisoning.
5. Congenital pathology.
Depending on where are localized the source of disease, there are such kinds of kidney disease, such as:
- The primary site of onset of the disease are the kidneys. To the primary are congenital kidney disease and anomalies, glomerulonephritis, infectious pyelonephritis, cancer and kidney injury.
- Secondary – renal disease, gout, hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis etc.
Signs of kidney pathologies
If you experience kidney disease in men most often experience the following symptoms:
- Soreness in the lumbar region.
- The allocation of blood with urine, its turbidity.
- The increased body temperature.
- "Renal swelling under the eyes, on the face, abdomen and legs.
- Constant thirst and dry mouth.
- Weakness, loss of appetite.
In cases where men are found such signs, you should immediately seek the help of an experienced doctor-urologist, who will conduct a comprehensive diagnosis and prescribe a timely andadequate treatment. Among the most common kidney disease in men most common inflammation and dystrophic changes in them, rocks and sand in the kidneys, cysts, and cancer.
Inflammation of the kidneys
Cause inflammation of the kidneys, or nephritis, often becomes cold in combination with the introduction or intensification in the body of pathogenic bacterial flora. The symptoms of nephritis include fever, pain in the abdomen or lower back, swelling, weakness, headache, urination disorders. Glomerulonephritis primarily affects the glomeruli, in pyelonephritis – tubular system. The risk of acute pyelonephritis is that it can lead to kidney failure or the development of purulent-necrotic processes, with potential septic complications and need for surgical intervention.
Chronic pyelonephritis often results from not cured until the end of the acute process, or complication. The most frequent causes are frequent hypothermia and colds, prostate cancer in older men, kidney stones, which are deposited in the kidney stones and sand, renal colic, acute or chronic inflammation, diabetes. Occurs chronic pyelonephritis often asymptomatic and only manifest General weakness, decreased appetite, hypertension, increased urination and a dull aching in the lumbar region.
Nephrosis occurs when degenerative changes in the tissues of the kidneys, mostly their canalicular system. This renal disease in men can occur acutely and chronically. The main symptoms of it are extensive swelling, reducing the number of daily urine, presence of protein, anemia, headaches, vomiting, weakness, loss of appetite, dull pain in the lumbar area.
Rocks and sand in the kidneys are formed from substances dissolved in the urine. In cases when kidney men laid the stones, there is a dull aching or sharp pain in the lumbar area, there is discharge of blood with urine. The pain is felt most often on the side where there are rocks, and becomes more intense when you change body positions or during movement. Blood appears in the urine usually after a severe pain, intense work, walk away. After a strong bout of colic from kidney stones can go alone.
If the kidney began to Deposit sand, sometimes there are symptoms such as clouding and darkening of the urine, frequent and painful urination, discomfort and pain in the lumbar region, abdomen, navel and groin.
The pain occurs due to the fact that the sand, leaving the kidney with urine, actstraumatic and irritating the urinary tract. Deposited in the kidney sand can cause nausea, vomiting, fever, swelling, weakness and hypertension.
The cysts are most frequently encountered in men are benign tumors of the kidney. The cause of formation of cysts are most often the trauma, infectious or parasitic lesions, inflammation, tumor, infarct, renal tuberculosis. Cysts single or double - sided, single or multiple. The most common symptoms of the occurrence of renal cysts refers to a dull pain in the lumbar region, worse after physical work, constantly high blood pressure and bleeding in the urine.
Kidney cancer in men may manifest with symptoms such as blood in urine, aching pain in the lumbar region, General weakness, loss of appetite and weight loss, fever, hypertension, edema, often signs of ascites, enlargement of the liver, yellowness of the skin. With the progression of tumor process, the symptoms become more and more bright, the signs join symptoms of disease in the organs affected by metastases.
How to troubleshoot problems
Treatment of men with nephropathy is dependent on the causes of the disease, as well as the symptoms with which it is accompanied. The treatment of any disease begins first and foremost with eliminating causal factors.
If the cause of inflammation of the kidneys had the flu, treatment should include further protection from hypothermia, the use of antibiotics and sulfonamides, vitamin drugs, cleansing the body of toxins with the help of dropper and intravenous infusion of saline, calcium chloride, etc. in addition, with glomerulo - and pyelonephritis need symptomatic treatment aimed at maintaining the functioning of all organs and systems of the body. To do this, use heart medications, drugs that improve appetite and digestion, hepatoprotectors, sorbents, etc. In the comprehensive treatment of nephritis must include the establishment of routine and lifestyle, the transition to a balanced diet and a special diet.
Treatment of nephrosis includes mainly the transition to a rational diet regime, consume water and salt, the use of antibiotics and in some cases surgical intervention in infectious origin of the disease. In addition, recommended a blood transfusion, hormone therapy and Spa treatment.
In urolithiasis, the treatment will be the change to a strict diet, taking these drugs as Bimaran,Marlin, Uralit, Zistan, Cysteinyl, Avisan, Neuron etc. a Comprehensive treatment of this disease also involves physiotherapy, the establishment of the water balance in the body by drinking sufficient amounts of water, balneological treatment, special physical therapy and phytotherapy. In addition, can be used by instrumental and surgical destruction of urinary stones.
Upon the occurrence of cysts in the kidney treatment is not usually required, it is only necessary constant monitoring of the patient. But if the tumor leads to complications (pyelonephritis, urolithiasis), is the treatment of the arisen diseases and elimination of the symptoms. Sometimes produce aspiration of cyst contents, but this technique is ineffective in the long term, as in half of the cases after aspiration, relapse. When symptoms of suppuration, rupture, or malignant degeneration of the cyst resorting to its surgical removal. In the case of cancer treatment is mainly surgical intervention with excision of the tumor and partial or total removal of the kidney.
Timely detection of symptoms, correct diagnosis and adequate complex treatment of kidney disease in men an experienced doctor will help prevent them from further recurrence, as well as avoid many more serious complications in the future.